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What is Wheel Alignment?

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What is Wheel Alignment?

Wheel Alignment?

  • What is Wheel Alignment?

    It is the direct proportional angel of your tyre to the vertical surface of the ground. This is measured & calculated while the tyre is on the vehicle.

  • • Camber angle

    Camber angle is the inward or outward angle direction of the tyre when viewed from the front of the vehicle. Any tilt of the tyre may it be inward or outward indicates an imbalance in the alignment.

  • • Toe angle

    Toe angle is the left or right tyre assembly slanted and is the extent to which your tyres turn inward or outward when viewed from above. If you find that confusing, just stand up and look down at your feet. Angle them inward toward the centre of your body. When the tyres on your car are angled the same way , we call this toe-in alignment. Angle your feet outward and you have toe-out alignment. Both require adjustment.

  • • Castor angle

    Castor angle is the vertical axis of a vehicle’s steered wheels which helps balance steering and provides stability when cornering. Specifically, it’s the angle of your steering axis when viewed from the side of your vehicle. If you have positive caster, the steering axis will tilt toward the driver. Negative caster, on the other hand, means the steering axis tilts toward the front of your vehicle.

Negative Camber

Positive Camber

Toe in

Toe out

  • A variety of factors may impact your vehicles wheel alignment.

    1. The tyres face where the treads touch the ground may not be flushed on the floor. Causing a slight angle camber to be positive or negative.
    2. Some instances it may be a bent suspension components, or out-of-place attachment points.
    3. Damaged or loose wheel bearings.
    4. Damaged bushings.
    5. Loose ball joints.
    6. Uneven spring compression.
    7. Uneven weight balance in the vehicle.
    8. Incorrectly inflated tires can all add up to give you bad camber.

    Camber angles that are not aligned 100% have its pro’s and con’s.
    The everyday vehicle may be impacted negatively as you will have more wear and tear on your tyres. Causing them to wear faster and unevenly due to the vehicles weight being thrown inside or out, adding more pressure to the tyres pressure spot. Causing the tyre to not distribute the pressure evenly on the tyres face.
    High performance vehicles may gain a leading advantage to camber values that are negative or positive.
    Based on a particular suspension design a negative camber may improve the vehicles grip when cornering on bends. This will place the tyre at an angle , transmitting the forces through the vertical plane of the tire rather than through a shear force across it.
    When to Adjust Camber
    Camber problems usually show up as handling or tire wear problems. Usually, all four wheels will feature some negative camber, and a vehicle will tend to pull to the side that has the most positive camber.

Snap your tyre size and obtain multiple quotes.

Purchase tyres and get your wheel alignment checked.

Is positive or negative camber better?

  • The general consensus is that a positive camber is good for keeping a recreational vehicle stable, while a negative camber is better for allowing high-performance vehicles to turn corners faster and more accurately

  • 1. Steering or turning of vehicle is achieved by the centripetal force generated by tires. Camber angle, to a relatively lesser degree as compared to the tyre slip or centripetal force, also affects the overall lateral force on the contact patch. Vehicle steering will pull to the left or right. When you take your hands of the steering wheel you will feel the vehicles direction will change gradually to the right or left.

  • 2. Uneven or rapid tyre wear and tear.

  • 3. Your steering wheel is being pulled to a different direction when driving straight.

  • 4. Squealing or screeching tyres.